Horse Rugs on Hotblooded Horses?
Some of you read that and thought it was absolute nonsense! For those who weren’t sure, you may have heard of the term “hot-blooded” in horses and wondered if it means they don’t need horse rugs. Today’s post is a brief rundown of the terms referring to horses as hot blood, cold blood and warmblood.
The main thing to take away from this is to know all horses are warmblood mammals. Whether you need horse rugs on hotblooded horses has nothing to do with this term. Needing horse rugs is dependant on climate and purpose and has nothing to do with their actual blood temperature. The above descriptions are terms that are loosely used to describe a difference in a type of horse.
What Do These Descriptions mean?
The first is the probable heritage of the horse. The cold blood coming from draft breeds that are heavy set, with thick bones and the ability to bear or pull a heavy weight, and hot blood coming from more high-energy breeds such as racehorses as one example, or long-distance trail riding in the case of Arabians being the most popular choice.
The bulk of horse breeds over the world tend to fall into three types of classification: cold breeds, hot breeds, and warmblood breeds. These generic descriptions refer to an individual horses temperament. The cold blood is usually less startled by a sudden change in their environment or noise, tend to be placid and calm and take everything in their stride as it happens. Horses referred to as hotblooded lean towards being very reactive to major changes in their environment, loud noises as well as being very energetic and always on the go. The warmblood is often considered to be the middle ground of the two and in many cases, such as the Olympics, make excellent high-performance horses with a great attitude to their work.
Cold breeds include large, heavy, solid, and very calm draft horses. These are breeds such as Percherons, Shires, Clydesdales, and Belgian Draft horses. They were bred for draft, pulling carriages and agricultural work.
Hot breeds, if you ask someone, 99% of the time they will say the Arabian and the Thoroughbred. They tend to be nervous and energetic, prone to reacting under pressure. They excel at racing and can be extremely competitive. Arabians are particularly well-suited to endurance racing. This could be traced back to having to survive in the deserts way back in time and being bred for their stamina.
Warmblood horse breeds are produced by crossing hot-blood and cold-blood horses. Common warmblood breeds are Dutch Warmblood, Hanoverian, Holsteiner, and Trakhener. These breeds were developed for riding and for pulling carriages which makes them very versatile. In a lot of cases, they are calmer and less likely to be spooked than racehorses but are far better performers than the heavier draft breeds. Warmbloods excel in many disciplines such as dressage, jumping, and eventing and are the preferred choice for a person who is looking to compete.